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CE certification

What is CE certification

The “CE” mark is a safety certification mark and is regarded as a passport for manufacturers to open and enter the European market. CE stands for CONFORMITE EUROPEENNE. In the EU market, the “CE” mark is a compulsory certification mark. Whether it is a product produced by an EU enterprise or a product produced in another country, if you want to circulate freely on the EU market, you must affix the “CE” mark to indicate the product It complies with the basic requirements of the EU Directive “New Methods of Technical Coordination and Standardization”. This is a mandatory requirement of EU law on products.

The accurate meaning of CE is: CE mark is a safety conformity mark rather than a quality conformity mark.

It is regarded as a passport for manufacturers to open and enter the European market. All products affixed with the “CE” mark can be sold in the EU member states without meeting the requirements of each member state, thus realizing the scope of products in the EU member states. Free circulation within.

Which products do CE certification

Electrical and electronic live products, building materials, household products, medical products, toy products, mechanical equipment, wireless products, vehicles, safety protection and labor protection products, amusement equipment, hardware sanitary ware, gas appliances, pressure equipment, elevator equipment, metering CE certification is required for export to the European Union in many fields such as appliance testing equipment. In the EU market, the “CE” mark is a compulsory certification mark. Whether it is a product produced by an EU enterprise or a product produced in another country, if you want to circulate freely on the EU market, you must affix the “CE” mark to indicate the product It complies with the basic requirements of the EU Directive “New Methods of Technical Coordination and Standardization”. This is a mandatory requirement of EU law on products.

In the past, European Community countries have different requirements for imported and sold products. Products manufactured according to one country’s standards may not be listed in other countries. As part of the effort to eliminate trade barriers, CE came into being. Therefore, CE stands for CONFORMITE EUROPEENNE.

The meaning of the CE mark

The meaning of the CE mark is: the CE acronym is used as a symbol to indicate that the product affixed with the CE mark meets the essential requirements of the relevant European directives, and is used to verify that the product has passed the corresponding conformity assessment procedure and/or manufactured The declaration of conformity of the supplier has truly become a passport for the product to be allowed to enter the European Community market.

The relevant directives require industrial products to be affixed with the CE mark. Without the CE mark, they shall not be sold on the market. Products that have been affixed with the CE mark and entered the market shall be ordered to be retracted from the market if they are found to not meet the safety requirements, and continue to violate the relevant CE marking requirements of the directive. , Will be restricted or prohibited from entering the EU market or forced to withdraw from the market.

The CE mark is not a quality mark, it is a mark that represents that the product has complied with the European safety/health/environmental protection/sanitation standards and directives. All products sold in the European Union must be marked with the CE mark.

CE certification certification model and certification organization

(1) The Declaration of conformity / Declaration of compliance issued by the enterprise independently. This certificate is a self-declaration and is not issued by a third-party agency (intermediary or testing and certification agency). Therefore, the EU format enterprise can be used Replaced by “Declaration of Conformity”.

(2) Certificate of compliance / Certificate of compliance “Certificate of Compliance”, this is a declaration of compliance issued by a third-party agency (intermediary or testing certification agency), must be accompanied by technical data TCF such as test reports, and at the same time, the company must also sign “Declaration of Conformity.”

(3) EC Attestation of conformity “Certificate of Conformity to EU Standards”, this is a certificate issued by the EU Notified Body (Notified Body abbreviated as NB). According to EU regulations, only NB is eligible to issue a CE declaration of EC Type.

The necessity of applying for CE certification

CE certification provides a unified technical specification for products of various countries to trade in the European market and simplifies the trade procedures. Any country’s products must be CE certified to enter the European Union and the European Free Trade Area, and the CE mark should be affixed to the product. Therefore, CE certification is a passport for products to enter the European Union and European Free Trade Zone countries.

CE certification means that the product has reached the safety requirements stipulated by the EU directive; it is a promise of the enterprise to consumers, which increases consumers’ trust in the product; products with the CE mark will reduce the risk of sales in the European market. These risks include:

● The risk of being detained and investigated by the customs;

● Risks investigated and dealt with by market supervision agencies;

● The risk of being accused by peers for competitive purposes.

Benefits of applying for CE certification

● The EU’s laws, regulations and harmonized standards are not only numerous, but also very complex in content. Therefore, obtaining the help of an EU-designated agency is a wise move that saves time, effort, and risk;

● Obtaining the CE certification from an organization designated by the European Union can gain the trust of consumers and market surveillance agencies to a large extent;

● It can effectively prevent the appearance of irresponsible accusations;

● In the face of litigation, the CE certification certificate of the EU designated agency will become legally effective technical evidence;

What are the directives for CE certification

In recent years, in the products sold in the European Economic Area (European Union, European Free Trade Association member countries, except Switzerland), the use of CE marks has increased. The requirements expressed by a series of European directives such as environmental protection and consumer protection. As of December 1997, the directives issued by the European Community to implement the CE mark are as follows:

  1. Low Voltage Directive (LVD) Directive Number: 2014/35/EU

LVD Low Voltage Directive (Low Voltage Directive 2014/35/EU), the goal of LVD is to ensure the safety of low voltage equipment in use. The scope of application of the directive is to use electrical products with a voltage between AC 50V to 1000V and DC 75V to 1500V. This directive contains all safety rules for this equipment, including protection against dangers caused by mechanical reasons. The design and structure of the equipment should ensure that there will be no danger when used under normal working conditions or under fault conditions according to its intended purpose.

Summary: CE certification for electronic and electrical products that use AC voltages between 50V to 1000V and DC 75V to 1500V must be certified by the Low Voltage Directive LVD.

  1. Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) directive number: 2014/30/EU

Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) refers to the ability of a device or system to operate in compliance with the requirements in its electromagnetic environment and not produce intolerable electromagnetic interference to any device in its environment. Therefore, EMC includes two requirements: on the one hand, the electromagnetic interference generated by the equipment to the environment during normal operation cannot exceed a certain limit; on the other hand, it means that the equipment has a certain degree of electromagnetic interference in the environment. The degree of immunity, that is, electromagnetic susceptibility.

Summary: CE certification for live products requires EMC directive certification.

  1. Wireless Directive (RED) Directive number: 2014/53/EU

This instruction must be followed for CE certification for live products that include wireless frequency band transmission and reception.

Directives required for CE certification of wireless products: EMC Directive, LVD Directive, RTTE Directive, EMF Directive (According to the distance between the wireless product and the human body, determine whether EMF is required)

  1. Machinery Directive (MD) Directive Number: 2006/42/2

The machinery mentioned in the Machinery Directive includes a single machine, a group of related machines and replaceable equipment. It should be noted that hazardous machinery should be distinguished, and hazardous machinery requires CE certification by the notified body.

  1. Personal Protective Equipment Directive (PPE) Directive Number: EU2016/425

PPE is the abbreviation of personal protective equipment. The so-called PPE refers to any device or appliance that is worn or held by an individual to prevent one or more hazards that damage health and safety. It is mainly used to protect employees from serious work-related injuries or diseases caused by exposure to chemical radiation, electrical equipment, human equipment, mechanical equipment or in some dangerous workplaces. For example: protective shoes and goggles for work; sunglasses for home use, gloves for gardening; helmets for riding bicycles and skating for recreation, etc. The PPE Directive does not distinguish personal protective equipment for work or leisure. All personal protective equipment, whether for work, home use, leisure or sports PPE, must comply with this directive.

  1. Toys Directive (TOY) Directive No. 2009/48/EC

EN71 certification is the normative standard for toy products in the EU market. Children are a group that the whole society cares about and loves. The toy market that children generally love is developing rapidly. At the same time, various types of toys may cause damage to children due to various quality problems. Therefore, all countries in the world have requirements for toys on their own markets. It is becoming increasingly strict. Many countries have established their own safety regulations for these products, and production companies must ensure that their products meet relevant standards before they are sold in the region. The manufacturer must be responsible for accidents caused by production defects, poor designs or the use of inappropriate materials. As a result, the toy EN71 certification decree was launched in Europe, and its significance is to pass the EN71 standard on the technical specifications of toy products entering the European market, thereby reducing or avoiding the harm of toys to children. EN71 has different test requirements for different toys.

  1. Building Materials Directive (CPR) Directive No. 305/2011/EU

Construction Products Directive: In order to ensure that the design and construction of buildings and civil engineering within their borders do not pose a threat to the safety of people, livestock (poultry), and property, each EU member state also follows other basic requirements to maintain general welfare. Use the CPD directive to coordinate building product standards; CPD is not only related to the safety of buildings, but also related to health, service life, energy conservation, environmental protection, economic factors, and other important factors of public interest.

What is a construction product?

“Construction product” refers to any product included in a construction project in a permanent manner, which includes buildings and civil works.

Examples of construction products:

Fire detection and fire alarm systems, architectural hardware, ceramic tiles, glass fiber for construction, flooring, sanitary ware, stone, ceiling, gypsum board…

basic requirements:

  1. Product mechanical resistance and stability
  2. Fire resistance
  3. Hygiene, health, and environmental requirements
  4. Safe to use
  5. Noise prevention
  6. Energy efficiency and insulation

CE certification scope of application

The European Union and the EEA countries in the European Economic Area require the CE mark. As of January 2013, there are 27 member states in the European Union. They are:

Austria Austria, Belgium, Belgium, Denmark, Denmark, Finland, France, France, Germany, Greece, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Italy, Luxemburg, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Sweden, United Kingdom (Great Britain), United Kingdom, Estonia Estonia, Latvia, Latvia, Lithuania, Lithuania, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Slovenia, Malta, Cyprus, Romania, Romania, Bulgaria.

The 3 member states of the European Free Trade Association EFTA: Iceland, Liechtenstein, and Norway.

Semi-EU countries: Turkey Turkey.

Technical documents to be prepared for CE certification

  1. The name and address of the manufacturer (EU authorized representative (EU authorized agent) AR), product name, model, etc.;
  2. Product instruction manual;
  3. Safety design documents (including key structural drawings, that is, design drawings that can reflect the climbing distance, gap, number of insulating layers and thickness);
  4. Product technical conditions (or enterprise standards) and establish technical data;
  5. Product electrical schematic diagram, block diagram and circuit diagram, etc.;
  6. List of key components or raw materials (please select products with European certification marks);
  7. Test report (Testing Report);
  8. Relevant certificates issued by the EU authorized certification body NB (for models other than Mode A);
  9. The registration certificate of the product in the EU (for some products such as Class I medical devices, general IVD in vitro diagnostic medical devices);
  10. CE declaration of conformity (DOC);

CE certified product type

  1. Power CE certification: communication power supply, switching power supply, charger, display power supply, LED power supply, LCD power supply, uninterruptible power supply UPS, etc.;
  2. CE certification of lamps: chandeliers, track lights, garden lights, portable lights, downlights, LED street lights, string lights, table lamps, LED spotlights, LED bulb lights, grille lights, aquarium lights, street lights, LED tubes, LED lamps, energy-saving lamps, T8 tubes, etc.;
  3. CE certification for home appliances: fans, electric kettles, stereos, televisions, mice, vacuum cleaners, etc.;
  4. Electronic CE certification: earplugs, routers, mobile phone batteries, laser pointers, vibrating sticks, etc.;
  5. CE certification for communication products: telephones, wired telephones, wireless main and auxiliary machines, fax machines, telephone answering machines, modems, data interface cards and other communication products.
  6. CE certification for wireless products: Bluetooth BT products, tablet computers, wireless keyboards, wireless mice, wireless readers, wireless transceivers, wireless walkie-talkies, wireless microphones, remote controls, wireless network devices, wireless video transmission systems and other low Power wireless products, etc.;
  7. CE certification for wireless communication products: 2G mobile phones, 3G mobile phones, 3.5G mobile phones, DECT mobile phones (1.8G, 1.9G frequency band), wireless walkie-talkies, etc.;
  8. Machinery CE certification: gasoline engines, electric welding machines, CNC drilling machines, tool grinders, lawn mowers, washing equipment, bulldozers, elevators, punches, dishwashers, water treatment equipment, gasoline welding machines, printing machinery, woodworking machinery , Rotary drilling rigs, lawn mowers, snowplows, excavators, printing machines, printers, cutting machines, road rollers, trowels, brush cutters, hair straighteners, food machinery, lawn machines, etc.;
  9. CE certification of medical devices;
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