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ROHS certification

What is RoHS certification?

RoHS stands for Restriction of Hazardous Substances, and RoHS, also known as Directive 2002/95/EC, originated in the European Union and restricts the use of certain hazardous materials (called EEE) in electrical and electronic products. After July 1, 2006, all applicable products on the EU market must comply with RoHS standards.

What are the restricted materials regulated by RoHS?

The substances banned by RoHS are lead (Pb), mercury (Hg), cadmium (Cd), hexavalent chromium (CrVI), polybrominated biphenyls (PBB), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) and four different phthalates ( DEHP, BBP, BBP), DIBP).

Why is RoHS compliance important?

Restricted materials are harmful to the environment and pollute landfills, and are dangerous in terms of occupational exposure during manufacturing and recycling.

How to test product compliance with RoHS standard?

Portable RoHS analyzer, also known as X-ray fluorescence or XRF metal analyzer, is used to screen and verify restricted metals. With the emergence of RoHS 3 and four phthalates, different tests are required to determine these The content of compounds, these compounds are extracted with a solvent.

Which companies are affected by the RoHS directive?

Any enterprise that directly sells or distributes applicable EEE products, sub-components, components or cables to EU countries, or sells products to dealers, distributors or integrators, will be affected if they use any restricted materials. Since RoHS-like regulations have been extended to many other countries, this no longer applies to EU countries.

RoHS is also applicable to the metal industry, applicable to any metal plating, anodizing, chromate treatment or other surface treatments on EEE components, radiators or connectors.

What is RoHS 2 and how is it different from the original RoHS?

The European Commission issued the RoHS 2 or Recast RoHS 2 Directive 2011/65/EU in July 2011. The scope of the original RoHS was expanded to cover all electrical/electronic equipment, cables and spare parts, in compliance with July 22, 2019 or earlier Requirements, depending on the product category.

RoHS 2 is also the CE marking directive, and now requires CE marking of products that comply with RoHS standards. Therefore, all electrical/electronic product manufacturers must comply with RoHS 2 in order to apply the CE marking to their products. Since the CE mark now includes RoHS compliance, the original green RoHS label with a check mark is no longer required or used.

Any product within the scope of RoHS 1 requirements should not contain any of the 6 restricted substances, and the company (manufacturer, importer or distributor) placing the product on the EU market should keep records to show compliance. RoHS 2 requires everyone in the supply chain to carry out additional compliance records. Additional compliance record keeping (must be kept for 10 years) can include conformity assessment, CE marking, compliance maintenance throughout the production process, and self-reporting of non-compliance.

The proposed changes to the RoHS Directive in RoHS2 (2011/65/EU) are relatively minor. No other substances have been added to the six currently restricted substances. RoHS category 8 (medical devices) and 9 (control and monitoring instruments) products have also been added. RoHS 2 became effective on January 2, 2013.

What is RoHS 3 and how is it different from RoHS 2?

According to the RoHS 3 or Directive 2015/863 cited by the REACH regulation, 6 additional restricted substances (phthalates) were added to the original list of 6 types. It also added 11 types of products. RoHS3 was released in July 2019. Effective on the 22nd.

What is RoHS 5/6?

RoHS 5/6 refers to the compliance of 5 of the 6 restricted substances (non-compliant with lead (Pb)). Lead in very specific applications for categories 8 and 9 can also be included in Annex III Exempt for a few years. For more information, please refer to RoHS Appendix III Lead Exemption.

Will there be “RoHS 4″…Are there other substances that will be restricted in the future?

Possibly, it is possible to discuss the amendment and inclusion of seven new substances (called RoHS package 15). The other seven substances evaluated are: beryllium, cobalt (dichloride and sulfate), antimony trioxide, phosphating Indium, medium chain chlorinated paraffins (MCCPs), nickel (sulfate and sulfamate) and tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBP-A).

How are RoHS and REACH related?

REACH is a universal supervision and representation-[R egistration, ē valuation, a uthorization, restricted use of emicals, and addresses the production and use of chemical substances and their potential impact on human health and the environment. REACH is monitored by ECHA and currently handles 197 substances of very high concern (SVHC). Although RoHS restricts substances present in electrical/electronic equipment (wiring, components, circuit boards, displays, sub-components, cables), REACH controls all chemicals that may be used to manufacture products, including enclosures, brackets, coatings, paints, solvents And chemicals used in the manufacturing process.

It is worth noting that all RoHS restricted substances are also in the REACH restricted list. The substances on the list have been determined to have carcinogenic, mutagenic, reproductive toxicity, bioaccumulation and toxicity, or as endocrine disruptors, please refer to REACH restricted substance list.

How are RoHS and WEEE related?

WEEE is the acronym for electrical and electronic equipment waste. WEEE, also known as Directive 2002/96/EC, regulates the treatment, recovery and recycling of electrical and electronic equipment. After August 13, 2006, all applicable products on the EU market must comply with WEEE standards and carry the “Wheelie Bin” label. WEEE compliance aims to encourage the design of electronic products to take environmentally safe recycling and recycling into consideration. By reducing the number of hazardous chemicals used in electronics manufacturing, RoHS compliance is in line with WEEE.

On the other hand, RoHS regulates hazardous substances used in the manufacture of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE), while WEEE regulates the disposal of the same equipment. For more information, please refer to the EU WEEE site.

How are the RoHS and ELV directives related?

The EU End-of-Production Vehicles (ELV) Directive covers automobiles, while the RoHS Directive covers various electrical and electronic products in many industries. The ELV Directive applies to cables, wires and related components used in transportation vehicles. It took effect on July 1, 2003 and restricts the use of lead, mercury, cadmium and hexavalent chromium (also restricted by RoHS).

Generally, XLS (cross-linked polyethylene) insulated automotive wires such as SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers) types SXL, GXL and TXL comply with this directive. However, PVC insulated automotive wire types such as GPT, TWP, SGT, and SGX may contain lead, so unless there are special requirements in the purchase specifications, they may not meet the requirements.

How is RoHS related to conflict minerals (T3&G)?

Mainly in the form of a complete material declaration (FMD), the compliance declaration usually lists RoHS, Reach and conflict minerals (T3 and G) together. Conflict minerals are tantalum, tungsten, tin and gold-if they come from the Republic of Congo (DRC), they are called 3TG minerals. According to the Dodd-Frank Act, all publicly traded companies must report the source of conflict minerals to the US Securities and Exchange Commission.

Does RoHS apply to batteries?

No, all batteries, regardless of their type or application, are protected by the EU Battery Directive (2006/66/EC and revised 2013/56/EU). The battery directive limits the use of lead to 0.004%, mercury to 0.0005%, and cadmium to 0.002% (cadmium removes medical equipment/equipment and alarm/emergency systems).

Note: According to China RoHS, batteries are included/covered.

Does RoHS apply to RFID tags?

Yes, both passive and active RFID are included in RoHS. In the case of packaging, it belongs to category 3. If the RFID is permanently connected to the device or equipment, it belongs to the category of the parent device.

How are RoHS and HIPAA related?

The healthcare industry is regulated by HIPAA and has its own compliance requirements. If you manufacture EEPs for the medical industry, you also need to obtain HIPAA certification in accordance with safety rules. This applies not only to medical equipment, but also to office equipment, including scanners, printers, hard drives, hardware security modules (HSM), smart card readers, network devices, paper shredders, media degaussers, and hard drive “destroyers” The decommissioned hard drive is bent, broken and deformed. For more information, see HIPAA 101.

What is the relationship between RoHS and the big ma industry?

Only indirectly, although the manufacture of e-cigarettes, large mavape pens and other electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) products is RoHS-compliant, related consumable vape carts (vaporizer filters) have been found to contain relatively high levels of lead (Pb), restricted substances. The same is true for other electronic devices that heat inhalable substances, such as electronic diffusers and atomizers. In all these products, testing laboratories began to find traces of other heavy metals, such as cadmium, chromium, barium, silver, selenium, iron, manganese, nickel and zinc.

How to implement RoHS compliance and what are the penalties?

​By national law enforcement agencies, such as NMO (National Office of Metrology). Penalties and fines for violations may vary widely among EU countries, but include fines and imprisonment in some member states.